When was the last time you went to the market?  The market is one place everyone shops.  When you are hungry the market is the best place to buy all of your food because it has so many kinds.  How many kinds of foods do you think there are at the market?  There are fruits like apples and oranges.  There are meats like steak and chicken.  There are also things to flavor food like salt and pepper.  People need all different kinds of foods to be happy.  Think about what your favorite kind of food is.  Why is it your favorite food? What does it feel like when you eat that food?  What kind of food do you not like to eat?  Foods have four main kinds of tastes.  They are sweet, salty, sour, and bitter.

This market has sweet, salty, bitter, and sour foods with fancy lights on the ceiling to help you feel really cool while you buy them.

Almost all people like chocolate.  People like chocolate because it is sweet.  Other sweet foods at the market are M&M's, candy canes, and apples.  These foods are sweet because they have sugar.  Sugars and fats are things your body needs every day.  Think about how you feel when you eat a candy bar.  You are probably happy because your body needs the sugar.


Other foods taste very good but are not sweet.  Can you think of foods you like that are not like candy or apples?  Many people like snack foods like pretzels, popcorn, and chips.  These kinds of food are good because they are salty.  Salty food is good because it contains just the right amount of salt, something our body needs to live.  Not just snacks are salty; many of the things you eat for dinner are also salty.  Hamburgers, chicken, and french fries all have salt on them to make them taste better.

How many wheelbarrows of salt do you want on your dinner tonight?

Not all foods make you smile.  What happens if you have a bite of a lemon?  Lemons do not taste good by themselves and might make you want to spit it out.  The reason they don't taste good is because they are sour.  A little bit of sour taste can be good.  If sour is mixed with sweet, like lemonade, you might like it.  Too much sour taste is not good and you will want to spit it out, and your cheeks will tickle.  This is our body's way of telling us that a food is not good anymore, like milk that has been left out of the refrigerator for too long.

Many people like sour candies, but when we taste something in nature that's sour, it's probably not going to be good for us.

Another taste that you might not like comes from bitter foods.  Bitter tastes are different from sour tastes because you will get a strange feeling on your tongue, instead of your cheeks.  Bitter tastes are also something that most adults like, but most children do not.  Maybe you drink coffee and coffee has a very bitter taste some people like a lot. 

Coffee is good for sleepy people.

Try taking a small bite of a lemon peel.  It will not feel good on your tongue because it is bitter.  Now imagine taking a bite of the inside of the lemon.  This will have a sour taste, and make your cheeks tickle.  The bitter taste is usually your body's way of telling you that what you are eating is bad.